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How many hours do I have to work to be considered a full-time employee?

Minnesota law does not define employees as full or part time, rather Minnesota Rules 5200.0170 defines a workweek. A workweek is a fixed and regularly recurring period of 168 hours, seven consecutive 24-hour periods.

For the purpose of overtime calculation, Minnesota Statutes 177.25 states hours worked in excess of 48 hours in a workweek must be paid at one-and-one-half times the regular rate of pay.

If you have questions related to eligibility for benefits as a full-time or part-time employee, contact the U.S. Department of Labor's Pension and Benefits office at 816-285-1800 (this is not a toll-free phone number).

Can my employer require me to work overtime and fire me if I refuse to work overtime?

The employer has the authority to establish the work schedule and determine the hours to be worked. There are no limits on the overtime hours the employer can schedule. Employees who refuse to work the scheduled hours may be terminated. Advance notice by an employer of the change in hours is not required.

Doesn't my employer have to give me a break?

The state law requires employers to provide restroom time and sufficient time to eat a meal. If the break is less than 20 minutes in duration, it must be counted as hours worked. Time to use the nearest restroom must be provided within each four consecutive hours of work. Meal time applies to employees who work eight or more consecutive hours (see Minnesota Statutes 177.253, 177.254 and Minnesota Rules 5200.0120).

Do nursing mothers get break time?

An employee must be provided reasonable unpaid break time to express breast milk for her child. Breaks already provided may fulfill this requirement. The employer must also make reasonable efforts to provide a private area with an electrical outlet for a nursing mother to express her milk, other than a bathroom (see Minnesota Statutes 181.939).

Do I get time off work for school visits?

Every employee is entitled to take up to 16 hours unpaid leave a year for each child to attend their children's school conferences, classroom activities, child care or other early childhood program. Employees may use vacation time (see Minnesota Statutes 181.9412).

Should I keep track of the hours I work?

Yes, the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry encourages workers to keep track of the hours they work to ensure they are being paid all the wages they are owed. Workers can use a mobile app to record the hours they work, which can be downloaded from the App Store or on Google Play.

For more information

Contact us at, 651-284-5075 or 800-342-5354