Minnesota State Building Code (MSBC) 1350.2600 requires each manufactured home to have its stabilizing system installed according to the installation instructions of the home manufacturer (this would apply to HUD labeled homes constructed after June 14, 1976). The manufacturer's instructions are to be left with the home. If the instructions are no longer available from the manufacturer or if the home was constructed prior to the June 14, 1976 date the generic installation instructions in MSBC Chapter 1350 shall be used.
MSBC 1350.2600 applies to installations in parks/communities and on private property. However private property may be subject to zoning and land use regulations (MS 394.25 and 462.357) from ordinances by a municipality. These ordinances may regulate building width, type of foundation, size of buildings and other structures, and the percentage of lot, which may be occupied. The lending institution or loan underwriter may also have required guidelines for approval of consumers loan. The manufacturers instructions for anchoring of the home must also be followed.
If a new manufactured home manufactured after Jan. 1, 2009, is installed in Minnesota it must have either frost depth footing designs or an approved alternate (such as an engineered slab design) no matter where it is located (licensed park or private property). If it is a used manufactured home more than two years old a homeowner may sign a release as exactly stated in Minnesota Statute 327.32 and waive frost depth footing designs, however all other requirements or the manufacturers instruction must be followed for support and anchoring requirements.
An option would be allowed if the home manufacturer provides documentation indicating the pre-owned/used home may be installed in a manor different than indicated in the DAPIA approved installation manual, verification of consumer notification of this option is required. Other acceptable options would be to have other methods designed by a Minnesota licensed engineer.
MSBC Chapter 1350 generic installation standards are intended for use with installation of manufactured homes constructed prior to June 15, 1976, (pre-code and state code homes). The installer or homeowner needs to contact the manufacturer of the HUD labeled home (constructed after June 14, 1976). Check the data plate located in the home and it will indicate the company name and address of the manufacturer (also the date of manufacture) that may be contacted to obtain a manual for installation. You may also visit the website of the Construction Codes and Licensing Division to obtain older installation manuals. However, if a manufacturer is no longer in business, or if under new ownership and will not send a manual from the previous company, then Chapter 1350 generic standards may be used.
With equipment that is available in today's construction industry this would not appear to be an issue. However, if the home is temporarily installed the installer would need to include in the installation contract the specifications indicating to the consumer that the home may be required to be removed from the lot and frost footings or another acceptable foundation system be installed when climatic conditions allow. The contract will also need to specify a date for completion of the installation. Note: the local authority having jurisdiction could require the installation be complete prior to allowing occupancy of the home. If the manufacturer allows an option/addendum or if the manufacturer does not require frost depth footings for park/community installations, MSBC 1350.0400 subpart 4, allows for incomplete installations when climatic conditions prevent the final completed installation.
If the home is a used manufactured home more than two years old the consumer may sign a wavier as required by Minnesota Statute 327.32.
On private property, zoning requirements may require a foundation built to the Minnesota State Building Code, as well as loan underwriting criteria, however the building official or authority having jurisdiction may accept alternates if proper documentation and designs are submitted for review. In parks/communities alternates with DAPIA approvals from the manufacture or alternate designs from a licensed Minnesota engineer are acceptable. However, if the home alternate design is by an engineer rather than the manufacturers DAPIA approval, the engineer needs to check with the manufacturer to assure the manufacturers home design will work with the alternate. Proposed alternates other than the manufacturer's DAPIA approved methods could invalidate the warranty of the home.
If the Minnesota licensed engineer's report indicated that the designs and engineering in their report was for soil conditions on all lots in the community/park it would be acceptable.
The steps, decks, or other additions shall be independently supported with the foundation system supported below the frost depth. If the same conditions existed for the appurtenances as exists for the manufactured home in a park/community the authority having jurisdiction may allow support of the appurtenances above the frost depth.